Forest plots showing individual and overall ES of studies that evaluated changes in compliance with individual 6-hour bundle targets following the implementation of the performance improvement program. (A) Measure central venous pressure (k = 8); (B) Central venous pressure above 8 mmHg (k = 16); (C) Measure SvO2 (k = 8); (D) SvO2 above 70% (k = 15); (E) Mean arterial pressure above 65 mmHg (k = 9); (F) Use of vasopressors (k = 9).
Figures are generally photos, graphs and static images that would be represented in traditional pdf publications.
The size of the boxes is inversely proportional to the size of the result study variance, so that more precise studies have larger boxes. The ES is expressed as odds ratio (OR) and the correspondent 95% confidence interval (CI). An OR above 1.00 (right side of the plot) indicates an association between the intervention and increased compliance. ES = effect size; CI = confidence interval; Sig. = p value.