pone.0202120.g005.tif (279.56 kB)

Vanishing industries and the rising monopoly of universities in published research - Fig 5

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posted on 14.08.2018, 17:32 by Vincent Larivière, Benoit Macaluso, Philippe Mongeon, Kyle Siler, Cassidy R. Sugimoto

(a) Share of patent ownership (USPTO) by institutional sector, all countries, 1976–2014, (b) number of papers published and patents owned, Apple, Bell Laboratories (and various owners) and Google, 1980–2014.