The effect of MMV007839 on the metabolite profile of parasitised erythrocytes.
(A) Relative amounts of intracellular metabolites in MMV007839-treated parasitised erythrocytes (infected with the 3D7 strain) and untreated parasitised erythrocytes. The data shown are the mean log2 ratios of the level of each metabolite in the MMV007839-treated samples relative to its level in the untreated samples (+ MMV007839/- MMV007839), determined 1 h, 3 h and 6 h after the addition of MMV007839, obtained from three independent experiments. The concentration of MMV007839 used (6 μM) corresponds to approximately 20× the IC50 value for growth inhibition of 3D7 parasites. (B) The log2 ratios of metabolite levels in MMV007839-treated samples relative to those in untreated samples for all metabolites of known identity for which a statistically significant difference in abundance was observed between MMV007839-treated and untreated infected erythrocytes (see S1 Data for statistical analysis). The data shown are the mean + SEM from three independent experiments. GL3P, sn-glycerol-3-phosphate; Pyr, pyruvate; Lac, lactate; R5P, ribose-5-phosphate; AcCoA, acetyl coenzyme A; Gln, glutamine; VD, Val-Asp; PE, Pro-Glu; PVQ, Pro-Val-Gln; PDAV, Pro-Asp-Ala-Val; TNVK, Thr-Asn-Val-Lys; Oro, orotate; O5P, orotidine-5-phosphate; DC, deoxycytidine; GGPP, geranylgeranyl-pyrophosphate. (C) Relative amounts of metabolites in the extracellular medium in suspensions containing MMV007839-treated and untreated parasitised erythrocytes. The data shown are the mean log2 ratios (+ MMV007839/- MMV007839) + SEM from three independent experiments. There was a statistically significant difference in the concentrations of 3-phosphoglycerate and phosphoenolpyruvate in the extracellular medium between MMV007839-treated and untreated cell suspensions (see S1 Data). DHAP, glycerone phosphate; PEP, phosphoenolpyruvate; 3PG, 3-phosphoglycerate; Cit, citrate; αKG, 2-ketoglutarate; Mal, malate; Pip, pipecolate.