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On the left is a tracing of the summed signal from respiratory inductive plethysmography used for calculating changes in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV)

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posted on 30.12.2011, 22:50 by Adelaida M Miro, Michael R Pinsky, Paul L Rogers

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Taken from "Effects of the components of positive airway pressure on work of breathing during bronchospasm"

Critical Care 2004;8(2):R72-R81.

Published online 9 Feb 2004

PMCID:PMC420031.

Copyright © 2004 Miro et al., licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL.

The arrow labeled 'ON' depicts the switch from spontaneous breathing to the initiation of 10 cmHO of inspiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP), expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP), or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The arrow labeled 'OFF' depicts the removal of positive airway pressure and return to spontaneous breathing. Changes in EELV were quantified by measuring changes in the baseline portion of the tracing. The changes in EELV induced by the addition (ON) and removal (OFF) of positive airway pressure were averaged, and the values are reported in Fig. . The increase in height of the summed signal represents changes in tidal volume (Vt), as measured using plethysmography, but these values were not measured for these experiments. On the right is a graph comparing plethysmographically derived summed signal measurements of changes in EELV with spirometer-derived values in three pharmacologically paralyzed animals during both inflation and deflation of the lungs.

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