Nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) plot showing the composition of plant communities in grasslands and the effects of grazing and elevation on plant community composition.
Symbols in green show species (n = 175), symbols in black show grasslands (n = 31). Grazing intensity and elevation significantly affected community composition (see S9 Table in S1 Appendix). Grazing intensity is shown by a red arrow drawn by fitting cattle density post hoc. Elevation gradient is illustrated by the blue contour lines. Stress = 0.16.