Immersion apparatus for the unidirectional freezing.

2016-10-13T08:43:42Z (GMT) by Sylvain Deville
Immersion apparatus for the unidirectional freezing. A constant temperature gradient is established between the liquid nitrogen bath and the heating jacket. A constant dipping rate can ensure a constant growth rate of the crystals over several centimetres. Such devices are used in particular in materials science process called ice-templating or freeze-casting.