Image_1_Weather Impact on Acute Myocardial Infarction Hospital Admissions With a New Model for Prediction: A Nationwide Study.TIF
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with weather change. The study aimed to investigate if weather change was among the risk factors of coronary artery disease to influence AMI occurrence in Taiwan and to generate a model to predict the probabilities of AMI in specific weather and clinical conditions.
Method: This observational study utilized the National Health Insurance Research Database and daily weather reports from Taiwan Central Weather Bureau to evaluate the discharge records of patients diagnosed with AMI from various hospitals in Taiwan between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011. Generalized additive models (GAMs) were used to estimate the effective parameters on the trend of the AMI incidence rate with respect to the weather and health factors in the time-series data and to build a model for predicting AMI probabilities.
Results: A total of 40,328 discharges were listed. The minimum temperature, maximum wind speed, and antiplatelet therapy were negatively related to the daily AMI incidence; however, a drop of 1° when the air temperature was below 15°C was associated with an increase of 1.6% of AMI incidence. By using the meaningful parameters including medical and weather factors, an estimated GAM was built. The model showed an adequate correlation in both internal and external validation.
Conclusion: An increase in AMI occurrence in colder weather has been evidenced in the study, but the influence of wind speed remains uncertain. Our analysis demonstrated that the novel GAM model can predict daily onset rates of AMI in specific weather conditions.