Image_1_Comprehensive DNA Methylation Analysis of Human Neuroblastoma Cells Treated With Haloperidol and Risperidone.pdf
Accumulating evidence suggests that the epigenetic alterations induced by antipsychotics contribute to the therapeutic efficacy. However, global and site-specific epigenetic changes by antipsychotics and those shared by different classes of antipsychotics remain poorly understood. We conducted a comprehensive DNA methylation analysis of human neuroblastoma cells cultured with antipsychotics. The cells were cultured with low and high concentrations of haloperidol or risperidone for 8 days. DNA methylation assay was performed with the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. We found that both haloperidol and risperidone tended to cause hypermethylation changes and showed similar DNA methylation changes closely related to neuronal functions. A total of 294 differentially methylated probes (DMPs), including 197 hypermethylated and 97 hypomethylated DMPs, were identified with both haloperidol and risperidone treatment. Gene ontology analysis of the hypermethylated probe-associated genes showed enrichment of genes related to the regulation of neurotransmitter receptor activity and lipoprotein lipase activity. Pathway analysis identified that among the DMP-associated genes, SHANK1 and SHANK2 were the major genes in the neuropsychiatric disorder-related pathways. Our data would be valuable for understanding the mechanisms of action of antipsychotics from an epigenetic viewpoint.