Image_1_A Novel Computed Tomography-Based Imaging Approach for Etiology Evaluation in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome and Non-obstructive Coronary Angiography.TIFF
Objective: This study sought to investigate the diagnostic value of dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) combined with coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients without obstructive coronary angiography.
Methods: Consecutive ACS patients with normal or non-obstructive coronary angiography findings who had cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) contraindications or inability to cooperate with CMR examinations were prospectively enrolled and referred for dynamic CT-MPI + CCTA + late iodine enhancement (LIE). ACS etiology was determined according to combined assessment of coronary vasculature by CCTA, quantified myocardial blood flow (MBF) and presence of LIE.
Results: Twenty two patients were included in the final analysis. CCTA revealed two cases of side branch occlusion and one case of intramural hematoma which were overlooked by invasive angiography. High risk plaques were observed in 6 (27.3%) patients whereas myocardial ischemia was presented in 19 (86.4%) patients with varied extent and severity. LIE was positive in 13 (59.1%) patients and microvascular obstruction was presented in three cases with side branch occlusion or spontaneous intramural hematoma. The specific etiology was identified in 20 (90.9%) patients, of which the most common cause was cardiomyopathies (41%), followed by microvascular dysfunction (14%) and plaque disruption (14%).
Conclusion: Dynamic CT-MPI + CCTA was able to reveal the potential etiologies in majority of patients with ACS and non-obstructive coronary angiography. It may be a useful alternative to CMR for accurate etiology evaluation.