Image4_Clinical Significance and Potential Mechanisms of ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily C Genes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.TIF (486.87 kB)
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Image4_Clinical Significance and Potential Mechanisms of ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily C Genes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.TIF

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posted on 2022-03-07, 13:41 authored by Xin Zhou, Jia-mi Huang, Tian-man Li, Jun-qi Liu, Zhong-liu Wei, Chen-lu Lan, Guang-zhi Zhu, Xi-wen Liao, Xin-ping Ye, Tao Peng

The purpose of this investigation was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic significance of ATP binding cassette subfamily C (ABCC) genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The Student t-test was used to compare the expression level of ABCCs between HCC and paraneoplastic tissues. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was applied for diagnostic efficiency assessment. The Kaplan–Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were respectively applied for survival analysis. Genes with prognostic significance were subsequently used to construct prognostic models. From the perspective of genome-wide enrichment analysis, the mechanisms of prognosis-related ABCC genes were attempted to be elaborated by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). It was observed in the TCGA database that ABCC1, ABCC4, ABCC5, and ABCC10 were significantly upregulated in tumor tissues, while ABCC6 and ABCC7 were downregulated in HCC tissues. Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed that ABCC7 might be a potential diagnostic biomarker in HCC. ABCC1, ABCC4, ABCC5, and ABCC6 were significantly related to the prognosis of HCC in the TCGA database. The prognostic significance of ABCC1, ABCC4, ABCC5, and ABCC6 was also observed in the Guangxi cohort. In the Guangxi cohort, both polymerase chain reaction and IHC (immunohistochemical) assays demonstrated higher expression of ABCC1, ABCC4, and ABCC5 in HCC compared to liver tissues, while the opposite was true for ABCC6. GSEA analysis indicated that ABCC1 was associated with tumor differentiation, nod-like receptor signal pathway, and so forth. It also revealed that ABCC4 might play a role in HCC by regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition, cytidine analog pathway, met pathway, and so forth. ABCC5 might be associated with the fatty acid metabolism and KRT19 in HCC. ABCC6 might impact the cell cycle in HCC by regulating E2F1 and myc. The relationship between ABCC genes and immune infiltration was explored, and ABCC1,4,5 were found to be positively associated with infiltration of multiple immune cells, while ABCC6 was found to be the opposite. In conclusion, ABCC1, ABCC4, ABCC5, and ABCC6 might be prognostic biomarkers in HCC. The prognostic models constructed with ABCC1, ABCC4, ABCC5, and ABCC6 had satisfactory efficacy.