Ice plots location and layout.
(A) Experiment location within the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. (B) Ice plot location between the Hubbard Brook (top right) and the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest access road (bottom). Plots 1–5 are in Block 1 and plots 6–10 are in Block 2. Asterisk indicates plots that were iced in both 2016 and 2017. (C) Individual ice plot design, showing the entire plot (20 x 30 m), the inner plot (10 x 20 m), and subplots (5x5 m) for destructive and non-destructive measurements.