Electrode Locations and Artifact Suppression.
(A) Surface model of an atlas brain showing locations of electrodes over the parietal regions in each of the three patients. Signals measured from only these electrodes were used in the analysis. Refer to S2 Fig for the stimulation electrodes and electrodes over other regions. (B) Schematic of stimulation waveform used. Stimulation consisted of one biphasic pulse 400 μs in duration every 100 ms for 5 s. (C) Stimulation artifacts in representative sample traces from four electrodes (top). Enlarged portion denoted by the black line (bottom). Artifacts appear as periodic sharp deflections with stereotyped waveforms. (D) Traces from the same four electrodes as in (B) after the artifact suppression procedure. The artifacts are suppressed compared to the signal amplitude. (E) Spectrum of the fourth waveform in (B) showing peaks at 10 Hz and harmonics of 10 Hz corresponding to artifact waveform. Top: Full frequency range. Bottom: Zoom-in on low frequencies. (F) Spectra of the same waveform after artifact suppression confirming the effectiveness of the algorithm. The only remaining exogenous peak is at 60 Hz, caused by electric line noise.