Cytokine content in the membranes of activated Th1 and Th2 cell clones
Taken from "Polarized subsets of human T-helper cells induce distinct patterns of chemokine production by normal and systemic sclerosis dermal fibroblasts"
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2005;8(1):R10-R10.
Published online 30 Nov 2005
PMCID:PMC1526552.Cytokine levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in Th cell membranes. Th cells were activated by CD3 cross-linking for six hours before membrane preparation. The bars represent the mean ± standard deviation of six Th1 and six Th2 cell clones, and indicate the cytokine levels in the cell membranes from 2 × 10cells. When a given cytokine was not detectable, it was assigned the value 0 for mean determination. *< 0.05. IFN, interferon; IL, interleukin; ND, not detectable; Th, T-helper; TNF, tumour necrosis factor.