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Conformational Adaptation of Apolipoprotein A-I to Discretely Sized Phospholipid Complexes

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posted on 2007-07-03, 00:00 authored by Shaila Bhat, Mary G. Sorci-Thomas, Rubina Tuladhar, Michael P. Samuel, Michael J. Thomas
The conformational constraints for apoA-I bound to recombinant phospholipid complexes (rHDL) were attained from a combination of chemical cross-linking and mass spectrometry. Molecular distances were then used to refine models of lipid-bound apoA-I on both 80 and 96 Å diameter rHDL particles. To obtain molecular constraints on the protein bound to phospholipid complexes, three different lysine-selective homo-bifunctional cross-linkers with increasing spacer arm lengths (i.e., 7.7, 12.0, and 16.1 Å) were reacted with purified, homogeneous recombinant 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) apoA-I rHDL complexes of each diameter. Cross-linked dimeric apoA-I products were separated from monomeric apoprotein using 12% SDS−PAGE, then subjected to in-gel trypsin digest, and identified by MS/MS sequencing. These studies aid in the refinement of our previously published molecular model of two apoA-I molecules bound to ∼150 molecules of POPC and suggest that the protein hydrophobic interactions at the N- and C-terminal domains decrease as the number of phospholipid molecules or “lipidation state” of apoA-I increases. Thus, it appears that these incremental changes in the interaction between the N- and C-terminal ends of apoA-I stabilize its tertiary conformation in the lipid-free state as well as allowing it to unfold and sequester discrete amounts of phospholipid molecules.

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