Demographic and behavioral characteristics.
For ADI-R and ADOS scores.2
Independent sample t-tests. All p values were not corrected for multiple comparisons.3
Levene’s Test for Equality of Variances showed significant non-equal variances, therefore equal variance was not assumed in the statistical tests.4
N = 32 for MA, N = 29 for FA.5
Distribution of scores significantly deviant from normal, therefore non-parametric Mann-Whitney tests were performed for group comparison of ADOS algorithm scores.
MC = neurotypical control group male adults;
MA = male adults with ASC;
FC = neurotypical control group female adults;
FA = female adults with ASC;
SD = standard deviation; ns = non-significant (p>0.05);
ADI-R = Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised; RSB: repetitive, restrictive and stereotyped behavior; ADOS: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; S + C: ADOS ‘social interaction + communication’ total scores.