Characteristics by quintiles of energy adjusted total protein intake of 20,820 Dutch adults.
Unless indicated otherwise, data are presented as mean ± SD or %.1
Hypertension is defined as systolic BP≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP≥90 mmHg (participants using antihypertensive medication were excluded).2
Data from a subgroup (n = 16,073). In consecutive quintiles n = 3,255, n = 3,229, n = 3,190, n = 3,184, and n = 3,215. High physical activity was defined as ≥3.5 hours moderate activity (4.0>MET≥6.5) and ≥2 h/wk vigorous activity (MET≥6.5).3
Percentage of alcohol consumers in consecutive quintiles 63%, 63%, 63%, 60% and 58%.4
Presented as median with interquartile range because of skewed distribution.5
Protein intake from all kind of milk, yogurt, coffee creamer, curd, pudding, porridge, custard, whipped cream, and cheese.6
Protein intake from all kind of meats, meat products and poultry.7
Plant protein intake from all kinds of breads, cake and cookies, grains and grain products.