Waterproof, thin, high-performance pressure sensors-hand drawing for underwater wearable applications
Wearable sensors, especially pressure sensors, have become an indispensable part of life when reflecting human interactions and surroundings. However, the difficulties in technology and production-cost still limit their applicability in the field of human monitoring and healthcare. Herein, we propose a fabrication method with flexible, waterproof, thin, and high-performance circuits – based on hand-drawing for pressure sensors. The shape of the sensor is drawn on the pyralux film without assistance from any designing software and the wet-tissues coated by CNTs act as a sensing layer. Such sensor showed a sensitivity (~0.2 kPa−1) while ensuring thinness (~0.26 mm) and flexibility for touch detection or breathing monitoring. More especially, our sensor is waterproof for underwater wearable applications, which is a drawback of conventional paper-based sensors. Its outstanding capability is demonstrated in a real application when detecting touch actions to control a phone, while the sensor is dipped underwater. In addition, by leveraging machine learning technology, these touch actions were processed and classified to achieve highly accurate monitoring (up to 94%). The available materials, easy fabrication techniques, and machine learning algorithms are expected to bring significant contributions to the development of hand-drawing sensors in the future.