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Three-Dimensional Fully Conjugated Carbaporphyrin Cage

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posted on 2018-11-19, 00:00 authored by Xian-Sheng Ke, Taeyeon Kim, Qing He, Vincent M. Lynch, Dongho Kim, Jonathan L. Sessler
A fully conjugated three-dimensional (3D) expanded carbaporphyrin (2) was prepared in a one-pot procedure that involves a [2+4] condensation reaction between a dibenzo­[g,p]­chrysene-bearing tetrapyrrole precursor (1) and pentafluorobenzaldehyde, followed by oxidation. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that 2 possesses a cage-like structure consisting of four dipyrromethenes and two bridging dibenzo­[g,p]­chrysene units. As prepared, 2 is nonaromatic as inferred from UV–vis-NIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and a near-zero (−1.75) nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) value. In contrast, after protonation with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), the cage gains global aromatic character as inferred from the large negative NICS value (−11.63) and diatropic ring current observed in the anisotropy of the induced current density (ACID) plot, as well as the ca. 8-fold increase in the excited state lifetime. In addition, the size of the cavity increases to ca. 143 Å3 upon protonation as deduced from a single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. To our knowledge, this is the largest carbaporphyrin prepared to date and the first with a fully conjugated 3D cage structure whose size and electronic features may be tuned through protonation.

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