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Thermodynamic, Kinetic, and Computational Study of Heavier Chalcogen (S, Se, and Te) Terminal Multiple Bonds to Molybdenum, Carbon, and Phosphorus

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posted on 17.03.2008 by James E. McDonough, Arjun Mendiratta, John J. Curley, George C. Fortman, Serena Fantasia, Christopher C. Cummins, Elena V. Rybak-Akimova, Steven P. Nolan, Carl D. Hoff
Enthalpies of chalcogen atom transfer to Mo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3, where Ar = 3,5-C6H3Me2, and to IPr (defined as bis-(2,6-isopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene) have been measured by solution calorimetry leading to bond energy estimates (kcal/mol) for EMo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3 (E = S, 115; Se, 87; Te, 64) and EIPr (E = S, 102; Se, 77; Te, 53). The enthalpy of S-atom transfer to PMo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3 generating SPMo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3 has been measured, yielding a value of only 78 kcal/mol. The kinetics of combination of Mo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3 with SMo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3 yielding (μ-S)[Mo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3]2 have been studied, and yield activation parameters ΔH = 4.7 ± 1 kcal/mol and ΔS = −33 ± 5 eu. Equilibrium studies for the same reaction yielded thermochemical parameters ΔH° = −18.6 ± 3.2 kcal/mol and ΔS° = −56.2 ± 10.5 eu. The large negative entropy of formation of (μ-S)[Mo(N[t-Bu]Ar)3]2 is interpreted in terms of the crowded molecular structure of this complex as revealed by X-ray crystallography. The crystal structure of Te-atom transfer agent TePCy3 is also reported. Quantum chemical calculations were used to make bond energy predictions as well as to probe terminal chalcogen bonding in terms of an energy partitioning analysis.