The prognostic role of inflammation-scores on overall survival in lung cancer patients
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Objective: Inflammation has been validated as a host-related prognostic marker in cancer. The Glasgow Prognostic score (GPS) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are suggested measures of inflammation. However, the allocation of patients has been questioned. Hence, optimized inflammation-scores has been developed, such as the combined NLR and GPS (CNG) system, and the Aarhus composite biomarker score (ACBS). So far, these optimized inflammation-scores have not been validated in lung cancer patients. We evaluated if the optimized inflammation-scores were prognostic markers of inferior survival in lung cancer patients. Furthermore, we tested which of the optimized inflammation-scores led to better patient-allocation.
Material and methods: The cohort of this prospective study composed of 275 non-small cell lung cancer patients. We evaluated pre-diagnostic serum biomarkers for GPR, NLR, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio as well as the optimized inflammation-scores CNG and ABCS as predictors of overall survival (OS), and we examined the patient-allocation derived from each inflammation-score.
Results: Each of the evaluated inflammation-scores could predict the overall survival even when adjustments were made for comorbidity and clinicopathological characteristics. When comparing the scores, the optimized inflammation-scores CNG and ACBS led to a better and more balanced patient-allocation. In the early clinical stages I & II, the optimized scores could reveal a subgroup of patients with poorer survival that is similar to stage III.
Conclusion: In this cohort of lung cancer patients, we demonstrate that inflammation-scores are prognostic markers of inferior survival. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the optimized inflammation-scores CNG and ACBS lead to better patient-allocation independently of the clinicopathological characteristics and comorbidity.