Table_2_Salmonella Serotyping Using Whole Genome Sequencing.PDF
Until recently, traditional serology and the Kauffmann White Scheme (KWS) have been the gold standard for Salmonella serotyping. Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) has now emerged as an alternative in this field. Serotype information remains a cornerstone in food safety and public health activities to reduce the burden of salmonellosis. At the same time, recent advances in WGS have improved the ability to perform advanced pathogen characterization while improving trace back investigations to determine the source of foodborne illness during outbreaks. Serovar prediction based on WGS can be performed using in silico data analysis tools. Three such tools have been developed: (a). Salmonella in silico Typing Resource (SISTR), (b). SeqSero, and (c). in silico 7-gene MLST ST (Multilocus Sequence Typing Sub-Typing) which was generated using the SISTR platform. Public health officials around the world are diligently working to validate these tools for replacing traditional surveillance methods to provide a more powerful approach for molecular epidemiology in support of public health investigations. In this study, we report a retrospective analysis of our laboratory inventory of 1,041 Salmonella isolates collected between 1999 and 2017. These isolates are of public health significance since they all came from either food, feed or environmental swabs. They were all serotyped by both traditional serology and WGS using an in silico SeqSero tool for serovar prediction. Both predicted identical Salmonella serotypes in 899 isolates (86.4% of the 1,041 Salmonella isolates). SeqSero assignments differed from traditional serological testing in 80 isolates (7.7%) and no serotype prediction was ascertained from 62 isolates (5.9%). This retrospective study is an excellent example of using WGS and SeqSero as a data analysis tool to predict Salmonella serotypes that can provide numerous advantages including molecular and genetic details regarding the characteristics of the Salmonella isolates compared to traditional KWS serotyping. In conclusion, it is evident that using WGS and in silico tools for Salmonella serotyping might someday replace traditional serotyping.