Table_2_Genome-Wide Association Analysis Pinpoints Additional Major Genomic Regions Conferring Resistance to Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycine.XLSX (12.31 kB)

Table_2_Genome-Wide Association Analysis Pinpoints Additional Major Genomic Regions Conferring Resistance to Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe).XLSX

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posted on 11.04.2019, 05:56 by Dung T. Tran, Clinton J. Steketee, Jeffrey D. Boehm, James Noe, Zenglu Li

Soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) (SCN) is the most destructive pest affecting soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in the U.S. To date, only two major SCN resistance alleles, rhg1 and Rhg4, identified in PI 88788 (rhg1) and Peking (rhg1/Rhg4), residing on chromosomes (Chr) 18 and 8, respectively, have been widely used to develop SCN resistant cultivars in the U.S. Thus, some SCN populations have evolved to overcome the PI 88788 and Peking derived resistance, making it a priority for breeders to identify new alleles and sources of SCN resistance. Toward that end, 461 soybean accessions from various origins were screened using a greenhouse SCN bioassay and genotyped with Illumina SoySNP50K iSelect BeadChips and three KASP SNP markers developed at the Rhg1 and Rhg4 loci to perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a haplotype analysis at the Rhg1 and Rhg4 loci. In total, 35,820 SNPs were used for GWAS, which identified 12 SNPs at four genomic regions on Chrs 7, 8, 10, and 18 that were significantly associated with SCN resistance (P < 0.001). Of those, three SNPs were located at Rhg1 and Rhg4, and 24 predicted genes were found near the significant SNPs on Chrs 7 and 10. KASP SNP genotyping results of the 462 accessions at the Rhg1 and Rhg4 loci identified 30 that carried PI 88788-type resistance, 50 that carried Peking-type resistance, and 58 that carried neither the Peking-type nor the PI 88788-type resistance alleles, indicating they may possess novel SCN resistance alleles. By using two subsets of SNPs near the Rhg1 and Rhg4 loci obtained from SoySNP iSelect BeadChips, a haplotype analysis of 461 accessions grouped those 58 accessions differently from the accessions carrying Peking or PI 88788 derived resistance, thereby validating the genotyping results at Rhg1 and Rhg4. The significant SNPs, candidate genes, and newly characterized SCN resistant accessions will be beneficial for the development of DNA markers to be used for marker-assisted breeding and developing soybean cultivars carrying novel sources of SCN resistance.

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