Table_2_A New Method for CTC Images Recognition Based on Machine Learning.DOCX (143.97 kB)

Table_2_A New Method for CTC Images Recognition Based on Machine Learning.DOCX

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posted on 06.08.2020 by Binsheng He, Qingqing Lu, Jidong Lang, Hai Yu, Chao Peng, Pingping Bing, Shijun Li, Qiliang Zhou, Yuebin Liang, Geng Tian

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) derived from primary tumors and/or metastatic tumors are markers for tumor prognosis, and can also be used to monitor therapeutic efficacy and tumor recurrence. Circulating tumor cells enrichment and screening can be automated, but the final counting of CTCs currently requires manual intervention. This not only requires the participation of experienced pathologists, but also easily causes artificial misjudgment. Medical image recognition based on machine learning can effectively reduce the workload and improve the level of automation. So, we use machine learning to identify CTCs. First, we collected the CTC test results of 600 patients. After immunofluorescence staining, each picture presented a positive CTC cell nucleus and several negative controls. The images of CTCs were then segmented by image denoising, image filtering, edge detection, image expansion and contraction techniques using python’s openCV scheme. Subsequently, traditional image recognition methods and machine learning were used to identify CTCs. Machine learning algorithms are implemented using convolutional neural network deep learning networks for training. We took 2300 cells from 600 patients for training and testing. About 1300 cells were used for training and the others were used for testing. The sensitivity and specificity of recognition reached 90.3 and 91.3%, respectively. We will further revise our models, hoping to achieve a higher sensitivity and specificity.