Table_1_Report of the Largest Chinese Cohort With SLC19A3 Gene Defect and Literature Review.XLSX (64.09 kB)
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Table_1_Report of the Largest Chinese Cohort With SLC19A3 Gene Defect and Literature Review.XLSX

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posted on 01.07.2021, 05:35 by Jiaping Wang, Junling Wang, Xiaodi Han, Zhimei Liu, Yanli Ma, Guohong Chen, Haoya Zhang, Dan Sun, Ruifeng Xu, Yi Liu, Yuqin Zhang, Yongxin Wen, Xinhua Bao, Qian Chen, Fang Fang

Thiamine metabolism dysfunction syndrome 2 (THMD2) is a rare metabolic disorder caused by SLC19A3 mutations, inherited in autosomal recessive pattern. As a treatable disease, early diagnosis and therapy with vitamin supplementation is important to improve the prognosis. So far, the reported cases were mainly from Saudi Arab regions, and presented with relatively simple clinical course because of the hot spot mutation (T422A). Rare Chinese cases were described until now. In this study, we investigated 18 Chinese THMD2 patients with variable phenotypes, and identified 23 novel SLC19A3 mutations, which expanded the genetic and clinical spectrum of the disorder. Meanwhile, we reviewed all 146 reported patients from different countries. Approximately 2/3 of patients presented with classical BTBGD, while 1/3 of patients manifested as much earlier onset and poor prognosis, including infantile Leigh-like syndrome, infantile spasms, neonatal lactic acidosis and infantile BTBGD. Literature review showed that elevated lactate in blood and CSF, as well as abnormal OXPHOS activities of muscle or skin usually correlated with infantile phenotypes, which indicated poor outcome. Brainstem involvement on MRI was more common in deceased cases. Thiamine supplementation is indispensable in the treatment of THMD2, whereas combination of biotin and thiamine is not superior to thiamine alone. But biotin supplementation does work in some patients. Genotypic-phenotypic correlation remains unclear which needs further investigation, and biallelic truncated mutations usually led to more severe phenotype.