Table_1_Iron Overload Is Associated With Accelerated Progression of Osteoarthritis: The Role of DMT1 Mediated Iron Homeostasis.XLSX
Objective: Iron overload is common in elderly people which is associated with an increased prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA), but the exact role of iron in the development of OA has not been established. The aim of the present study is to elucidate the connection between iron overload and OA using an iron overloaded mice model, as well as to explore the role of iron homeostasis, iron transporters dependent iron influx in OA pathogenesis.
Methods: The iron overloaded mice model was established and OA was surgically induced. OA progression was assessed at 8 weeks after surgery. Next, primary chondrocytes were treated with pro-inflammatory cytokines and iron regulators mediated iron homeostasis were evaluated. Involvement of iron transporters was analyzed using chondrocytes mimicking an osteoarthritis-related phenotype in vitro.
Results: Iron overloaded mice exhibited greater cartilage destruction and elevated ADAMTS5 as well as MMP13 expression along with increased iron accumulation and dysregulated iron regulators. Pro-inflammatory cytokines could disturb cellular iron homeostasis via upregulating iron import proteins, TFR1 and DMT1, downregulating iron efflux protein FPN, thus result in cellular iron overload. Among iron transporters, DMT1 was found to play pivotal roles in iron overload induced OA progress. Inhibition of DMT1 suppressed IL-1β induced inflammatory response and ECM degradation via blockade of MAPK and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathways.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that iron takes parts in the development of OA and cutting iron influx via inhibiting DMT1 activity could be an attractive new target for OA treatment.