figshare
Browse
Table_1_Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in patients with prolonged disorders of conscious.DOCX (12.5 kB)
Download file

Table_1_Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness: A systematic review and meta-analysis.DOCX

Download (12.5 kB)
dataset
posted on 2022-09-26, 05:25 authored by Siwei Liu, Qiang Gao, Min Guan, Yi Chen, Shuhai Cheng, Lin Yang, Wei Meng, Chunyan Lu, Bingqian Li
Background

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been widely studied for treatment of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC). The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is a hot target for intervention, but some controversies remain.

Purpose

This review aimed to systematically investigate the therapeutic effects of DLPFC-anodal-tDCS for patients with PDOC through a meta-analysis approach.

Data sources

Searches for relevant articles available in English were conducted using EMBASE, Medline, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception until March 26, 2022.

Study selection

All randomized parallel or cross-over controlled trials comparing the effect of intervention with active-tDCS and Sham-tDCS on Coma Recovery Scale Revised (CRS-R) score in individuals with PDOC were included.

Data extraction

Two authors independently extracted data, assessed the methodological quality, and rated each study.

Data synthesis

Ten randomized parallel or cross-over controlled trials were eligible for systematic review, and eight of the studies involving 165 individuals were identified as eligible for meta-analysis. Compared with Sham-tDCS, the use of anode-tDCS over DLPFC improved the CRS-R score (SMD = 0.71; 95% CI: 0.47–0.95, I2 = 10%). Patients with PDOC classified as MCS and clinically diagnosed as CVA or TBI may benefit from anode-tDCS.

Limitations

Failure to evaluate the long-term effects and lack of quantitative analysis of neurological examination are the main limitations for the application of anode-tDCS.

Conclusions

Anodal-tDCS over the left DLPFC may be advantageous to the recovery of patients with MCS and clinically diagnosed with CVA or TBI. There is a lack of evidence to support the duration of the disease course will limit the performance of the treatment. Further studies are needed to explore the diversity of stimulation targets and help to improve the mesocircuit model.

Systematic review registration

https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=279391, identifier: CRD42022279391.

History