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Table_1_An Efficient Hairy Root System for Validation of Plant Transformation Vector and CRISPR/Cas Construct Activities in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus .DOCX (13.91 kB)

Table_1_An Efficient Hairy Root System for Validation of Plant Transformation Vector and CRISPR/Cas Construct Activities in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.).DOCX

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posted on 2022-02-11, 04:48 authored by Doai Van Nguyen, Trang Thi-Huyen Hoang, Ngoc Thu Le, Huyen Thi Tran, Cuong Xuan Nguyen, Yong-Hwan Moon, Ha Hoang Chu, Phat Tien Do

Hairy root induction system has been applied in various plant species as an effective method to study gene expression and function due to its fast-growing and high genetic stability. Recently, these systems have shown to be an effective tool to evaluate activities of CRISPR/Cas9 systems for genome editing. In this study, Rhizobium rhizogenes mediated hairy root induction was optimized to provide an effective tool for validation of plant transformation vector, CRISPR/Cas9 construct activities as well as selection of targeted gRNAs for gene editing in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Under the optimized conditions including OD650 at 0.4 for infection and 5 days of co-cultivation, the highest hairy root induction frequency reached 100% for the cucumber variety Choka F1. This procedure was successfully utilized to overexpress a reporter gene (gus) and induce mutations in two Lotus japonicus ROOTHAIRLESS1 homolog genes CsbHLH66 and CsbHLH82 using CRISPR/Cas9 system. For induced mutation, about 78% of transgenic hairy roots exhibited mutant phenotypes including sparse root hair and root hair-less. The targeted mutations were obtained in individual CsbHLH66, CsbHLH82, or both CsbHLH66 and CsbHLH82 genes by heteroduplex analysis and sequencing. The hairy root transformation system established in this study is sufficient and potential for further research in genome editing of cucumber as well as other cucumis plants.

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