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Successful recruitment of a multi-site international randomized placebo-controlled trial in people with HIV with attention to diversity of race and ethnicity: critical role of central coordination

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posted on 2020-12-17, 04:00 authored by Kathleen V. Fitch, Emma M. Kileel, Sara E. Looby, Markella V. Zanni, Laura R. Sanchez, Carl J. Fichtenbaum, Edgar T. Overton, Carlos Malvestutto, Judith A. Aberg, Karin L. Klingman, Beverly Alston-Smith, Judith Lavelle, Anne Rancourt, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Sandra Wagner Cardoso, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Sandesh Patil, Craig A. Sponseller, Kathleen Melbourne, Heather J. Ribaudo, Katharine Cooper-Arnold, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Udo Hoffmann, Pamela S. Douglas, Steven K. Grinspoon

Background: The Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV (REPRIEVE) is a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, designed to test whether a statin medication can prevent cardiovascular disease in people with HIV. REPRIEVE recently completed enrollment of 7557 participants at over 100 clinical sites globally. Participant groups of focus were women, and racial and ethnic minorities.

Objective: To describe recruitment methods and strategies developed by the REPRIEVE Clinical Coordinating Center (CCC) and share best practices learned from the recruitment process.

Methods: Enrollment targets were agreed upon with the primary funder, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and were milestone driven. Milestones included number of sites activated, number of participants enrolled within specific time frames, and proportion of women and minorities enrolled. Strategies to achieve these milestones included structured interviews with site-designated REPRIEVE Recruitment Champions to develop best practices, development of a multimedia campaign, and site level recruitment support.

Results: Recruitment initiated March, 2015 and completed March, 2019. The final accrual target was 7500 participants over 48 months. The trial met this target within the time specified. Overall, 10,613 screens were completed, 48% of participants enrolled from sites outside of North America, 32% were female, 44% were Black or African American, and 25% were Hispanic or Latino.

Conclusions: REPRIEVE met its overall projected recruitment goal by using multiple, simultaneous strategies to specifically target a diverse population including minority subgroups. REPRIEVE benefited from the development of recruitment strategies with clear targets and communication of accrual targets to study teams.


The NHLBI is supporting this study through U01 grants HL123336, which supports the Clinical Coordinating Center, and HL123339, which funds the Data Coordinating Center. NIAID is supporting this study through grants UM1 AI068636 and UM1 AI106701.