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Redirecting Electron Transfer in Photosystem II from Water to Redox-Active Metal Complexes

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posted on 31.08.2011, 00:00 by Gözde Ulas, Gary W. Brudvig
A negatively charged region on the surface of photosystem II (PSII) near QA has been identified as a docking site for cationic exogenous electron acceptors. Oxygen evolution activity, which is inhibited in the presence of the herbicide 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU), is recovered by adding CoIII complexes. Thus, a new electron-transfer pathway is created with CoIII as the new terminal electron acceptor from QA. This binding site is saturated at ∼2.5 mM [CoIII], which is consistent with the existence of low-affinity interactions with a solvent-exposed surface. This is the first example of a higher plant PSII in which the electron-transfer pathway has been redirected from the normal membrane-associated quinone electron acceptors to water-soluble electron acceptors. The proposed CoIII binding site may enable efficient collection of electrons generated from photochemical water oxidation by PSII immobilized on an electrode surface.

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