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Quantitative Proteomic Profiling of Host−Pathogen Interactions: The Macrophage Response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lipids

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posted on 2009-01-02, 00:00 authored by Wenqing Shui, Sarah A. Gilmore, Leslie Sheu, Jun Liu, Jay D. Keasling, Carolyn R. Bertozzi
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is an intracellular pathogen possessing a complex mixture of cell wall lipids that are thought to modulate the activities of host macrophages. In this study, we employed two state-of-the-art quantitative proteomic approaches, metabolic labeling SILAC and chemical isobaric tagging iTRAQ, to study changes in macrophage protein expression in response to exposure to M. tuberculosis lipids. From a total of 1286 proteins identified, 463 were discovered by both isotope-labeling strategies at a high consistency, and the rest of proteins were detected by only one of the two approaches. Upon exposure to mycobacterial cell wall lipids, 166 macrophage proteins showed differential expression. These included proteins involved in the immune response, oxidation and reduction, and vesicle transport, as well as other cellular processes. The response of the macrophage proteome to M. tuberculosis lipids reflects the cell’s innate defense mechanisms as well as lipid-induced processes that may benefit the pathogen.