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Proteomic Analysis (GeLC–MS/MS) of ePFT-Collected Pancreatic Fluid in Chronic Pancreatitis

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posted on 2016-02-22, 04:31 authored by Joao A. Paulo, Vivek Kadiyala, Linda S. Lee, Peter A. Banks, Darwin L. Conwell, Hanno Steen
Chronic pancreatitis is characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, pain, and loss of exocrine function of the pancreas. We aimed to identify differentially expressed proteins in the ePFT-collected pancreatic fluid from individuals with chronic pancreatitis (CP; n = 9) and controls with chronic abdominal pain not associated with the pancreas (NP; n = 9). Using GeLC–MS/MS techniques, we identified a total of 1391 different proteins in 18 pancreatic fluid samples. Of these proteins, 257 and 413 were identified exclusively in the control and chronic pancreatitis cohorts, respectively, and 721 were identified in both cohorts. Spectral counting and statistical analysis thereof revealed an additional 38 and 77 proteins that were up- or down-regulated, respectively, in the pancreatic fluid from individuals with chronic pancreatitis. As expected, gene ontology analysis illustrated that the largest percentage of differentially regulated proteins was secreted/extracellular in origin. In addition, proteins that were down-regulated with statistical significance in the chronic pancreatitis cohort were determined to have biological function of proteases, corresponding to the canonical pancreatic insufficiency associated with chronic pancreatitis. Proteins enriched in the pancreatic fluid of chronic pancreatitis patients had roles in fibrosis, inflammation, and pain, whereas digestive enzymes were significantly less abundant. Our workflow provided a mass spectrometry-based approach for the further study of the pancreatic fluid proteome, which may lead to the discovery potential biomarkers of chronic pancreatitis.