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Oxidative Ring Expansion of Spirocyclic Oxindole Derivatives

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posted on 03.10.2014, 00:00 by Jan Bergman, Carl-Johan Arewång, Per H. Svensson
Oxidation of the spirocyclic oxindole derivative, isamic acid 1, led to decarboxylation and ring expansion to quinazolino­[4,5-b]­quinazoline-6,8-dione 7 rather than, as previously believed, its isomer 6. The structure of 7 was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Condensation of isatin (indole-2,3-dione) and 2-aminobenzamide led to the spirocyclic molecule, spiro­[3H-indole-3,2′(1H)­quinazoline]-2,4′(1H,3H)­dione 8, which was also identified as an intermediate in the oxidation of isamic acid. Mild hydrolysis of 7 gave the 10-membered molecule 22. Isamic acid could easily be converted to N-nitrosoisamic acid, which when heated in ethanol underwent a ring expansion to a hydroximino derivative, 38, of compound 6. The structure of 38 was confirmed by X-ray crystallography.