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Ligand Effects on Decarbonylation of Palladium-Acyl Complexes

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posted on 09.11.2020, 06:07 by Tedd C. Wiessner, Samuel Asiedu Fosu, Riffat Parveen, Nigam P. Rath, Bess Vlaisavljevich, William B. Tolman
The influences of perturbations of supporting phosphine ligands on the dehydrative decarbonylation of (Ln)­PdII(Cl)-hydrocinnamoyl complexes (L = PtBu3, n = 1; L = PPh3, n = 2; L = dppe, n = 1) to yield styrene were studied through combined experiment and theory. Abstraction of chloride from the complexes by silver and zinc salts, as well as sodium tetrakis­[3,5-bis­(trifluoromethyl)­phenyl]­borate, enhanced the efficiency of styrene formation, according to the following trend in L: PtBu3 > dppe > PPh3. DFT calculations corroborated the experimental findings and provided insights into the ligand influences on reaction step barriers and transition state structures. Key findings include the following: a stable intermediate forms after chloride abstraction, from which β-hydride elimination is most affected by ligand choice, the low coordination number for the PtBu3 case lowers reaction barriers for all steps, and the trans disposition of two ligands for L = PPh3 contributes to the low efficiency for styrene production in that case.