ic502653r_si_002.cif (521.05 kB)
Download file

Lanthanide(III) Complexation with an Amide Derived Pyridinophane

Download (521.05 kB)
posted on 2015-02-16, 00:00 authored by Goretti Castro, Rufina Bastida, Alejandro Macías, Paulo Pérez-Lourido, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, Laura Valencia
Herein we report a detailed investigation of the solid state and solution structures of lanthanide­(III) complexes with the 18-membered pyridinophane ligand containing acetamide pendant arms TPPTAM (TPPTAM = 2,2′,2″-(3,7,11-triaza-1,5,9­(2,6)-tripyridinacyclododecaphane-3,7,11-triyl)­triacetamide). The ligand crystallizes in the form of a clathrated hydrate, where the clathrated water molecule establishes hydrogen-bonding interactions with the amide NH groups and two N atoms of the macrocycle. The X-ray structures of 13 different Ln3+ complexes obtained as the nitrate salts (Ln3+ = La3+–Yb3+, except Pm3+) have been determined. Additionally, the X-ray structure of the La3+ complex obtained as the triflate salt was also obtained. In all cases the ligand provides 9-fold coordination to the Ln3+ ion, ten coordination being completed by an oxygen atom of a coordinated water molecule or a nitrate or triflate anion. The bond distances of the metal coordination environment show a quadratic change along the lanthanide series, as expected for isostructural series of Ln3+ complexes. Luminescence lifetime measurements obtained from solutions of the Eu3+ and Tb3+ complexes in H2O and D2O point to the presence of a water molecule coordinated to the metal ion in aqueous solutions. The analysis of the Ln3+-induced paramagnetic shifts indicates that the complexes are ten-coordinated throughout the lanthanide series from Ce3+ to Yb3+, and that the solution structure is very similar to the structures observed in the solid state. The complexes of the light Ln3+ ions are fluxional due to a fast Δ­(λλλλλλ) ↔ Λ­(δδδδδδ) interconversion that involves the inversion of the macrocyclic ligand and the rotation of the acetamide pendant arms. The complexes of the small Ln3+ ions are considerably more rigid, the activation free energy determined from VT 1H NMR for the Lu3+ complex being ΔG298 = 72.4 ± 5.1 kJ mol–1.