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Influence of meta-extended rigid-core, complementary hydrogen bonding and flexible chain on polymorphism in Schiff-base liquid crystals: (4)MeOBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs

posted on 2019-10-08, 05:39 authored by AVSN Krishna Murthy, M. Srinivasulu, AVN Ashok Kumar, YV Rao, DM Potukuchi

Schiff-base complementary hydrogen-bonded liquid crystals (HBLC), viz., (4)MeOBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs with flexible chain length for n = 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 and 12 are reported. 1H; 13C-NMR and Infra-Red spectroscopy used to confirm the formation of HBLCs. LC phases and transition temperatures (Tc) determined by polarised optical microscopy (POM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Tc and enthalpy (∆H) determined by DSC also. Odd-Even effect observed at clearing and melting transitions. Influence of Schiff base and Oxygen as bridging atom promote smectic phase abundance. HBLCs exhibit tetra- or penta-phase variance. Maximum (penta) phase variance is exhibited by n = 8 and 12 with long flexible chain. Prevalent abundance of quasi-two-dimensional (2D) LC phases of SmF and SmI is observed. Nematic phase is quenched. Lower (n = 4) and intermediate (n = 6) members exhibited SmBcryst phase. Predominant occurrence of enantiotropic LC phases is noticed. All members exhibited 3D tilted SmG phase. A-C transition exhibited by intermediate homologues (for n = 7, 8, 9 and 10) is found to be either second order or with very small enthalpy. Phase diagram reveals the abundance of multi-critical points with LC phasesinvolving exotic symmetries. Influence of meta-extended rigid core, complementary HB and flexibility is studied for the LC phase abundance with characteristic structural order. POM and DSC results are discussed in the wake of reports in other achiral calamitic LCs.