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Improving Antioxidant Activity of Ophioglossum thermale Kom. by Fermentation with Talaromyces purpurogenus M18-11

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posted on 22.08.2018, 02:46 by Jian-wei Dong, Le Cai, Xue-jiao Li, Rui-feng Mei, Ping Luo, Zhong-tao Ding

Ophioglossum thermale Kom. was fermented with several fungi. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents (TPCs and TFCs) and antioxidant activities of fermented and non-fermented O. thermale (FOT and NFOT) were investigated. The results showed that Talaromyces purpurogenus M18-11 fermented O. thermale possessed significantly improved TPC and TFC and exhibited significantly stronger 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) = 75.7 ± 2.1 μg mL-1) and 2,2’-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) (IC50 = 20.52 ± 1.68 μg mL-1) free-radical scavenging activities, ferric reducing antioxidant power (0.585 ± 0.045 mmol g-1), and reducing power (half maximal effective concentration (EC50) = 30.52 ± 1.91 μg mL-1) than original material. The determination of the contents of representative flavonoids and their glucosides revealed that the improvements are attributed to the hydrolysis of homoisoflavonoid and flavonoid glucosides, glycometabolism, as well as fungal metabolites. This paper is the first to report the fermentation of O. thermale with pure strains and T. purpurogenus is an effective strain to process O. thermale for improving the antioxidant activity.