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Heterometallic Architectures Based on the Combination of Heteroleptic Copper and Cobalt Complexes with Silver Salts

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posted on 2010-12-06, 00:00 authored by Brandon Kilduff, Dmitry Pogozhev, Stéphane A. Baudron, Mir Wais Hosseini
A strategy for the formation of heterometallic coordination polymers based on novel copper(II) and cobalt(III) heteroleptic complexes (acacCN)Cu(dpm) and (acacCN)Co(dpm)2 (acacCN = 3-cyanoacetylacetonate; dpm = dipyrrin) is presented. Using dipyrrins appended with a p- or m-pyridyl group, dpm-4py and dpm-3py, four novel copper and cobalt complexes were prepared and characterized both in solution and in the solid state. These two classes of complexes show different electrochemical properties upon investigation by cyclic voltammetry in CH2Cl2. While the copper complexes show only irreversible reduction processes, the voltammogram of the cobalt species reveals the presence of two quasi-reversible reductions. In the solid state, the copper(II) compounds self-assemble to form one-dimensional architectures upon coordination of the peripheral pyridyl group to the copper center, as characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Owing to the filled coordination sphere of the octahedral cobalt centers, the (acacCN)Co(dpm-py)2 compounds crystallize as isolated molecules. Upon reaction with silver salts, these complexes form crystalline heterometallic architectures with different organization and dimensionality, depending on the nature of the metal center and the position of the nitrogen atom in the pyridyl group. The two copper complexes lead to the formation of trinuclear species, {[(acacCN)Cu(dpm-py)]2Ag}+, resulting from coordination of the pyridyl groups to the silver cations. However, while meta-functionalized complexes self-assemble into an extended architecture via weak interaction of the peripheral nitrile of the acacCN ligand to the Ag+ cation, this interaction is not present in the para-functionalized analogue. In both networks based on the Ag(BF4) salt, coordination of the tetrafluoroborate anion to the silver center in the rather rare chelate mode is observed. Upon assembly of the cobalt metallatectons with silver salts, two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers are obtained in crystalline form, resulting, however, from different sets of interactions. Indeed, no coordination of the peripheral nitrile of the acacCN ligand is observed in the network incorporating the m-pyridyl-appended dpm; coordination of the pyridyl groups to the silver center and d10−d10 interactions lead to a 2D architecture. In the case of the para analogue, a 2D honeycomb network is observed owing to coordination of the AgI ion to two pyridyl nitrogen atoms and to one peripheral nitrile group of a acacCN ligand. This latter polymer represents a geometrical hybrid of the networks reported in the literature based on homoleptic Co(dpm-4py)3 and Cr(acacCN)3 complexes.