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Evaluation of cognitive performance in the elderly

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posted on 06.11.2019 by Pollyanna da Silva de Souza, Jorge Tarcísio da Rocha Falcão, Márcia Carréra Campos Leal, Jacira Guiro Marino

Abstract Objective this research aims to analyze the process of human ageing, concerning cognitive aspects. Method epidemiologic-descriptive and transversal method was used. A sample of 65 elderly was constituted. Participants of this sample were interviewed about socio-demographic aspects and level of satisfaction with their lives, and were submitted to the Mini-Examination of Mental Condition (MEEM) Test. Results 83.1% of participants reported at least one disease; 59.3% - hypertension, 18.5% - spine problems and arthritis, 14.8% - osteoporosis, 13% - high cholesterol levels, 11.1% - heart diseases, 9.3% - arthritis and 3.7% - diabetes. Among the participants, 16.9% reported interruption of daily activities due to a disease or organic malfunction, and a majority reported a good health condition. Nevertheless, 66.2% reported some degree of memory impairment, this problem being frequent for 58.1% of them. And 73.8% reported participation in some kind of physical activity: walking (44.6%), hydrogymnastics (23.1%) and yoga (13.8%). Analysis of effects of variables showed isolated significant effect of school level over MEEM score (F=8.703, p<0.000, 64g.l.), but no significant effect of age (F=0.442, p=0.724, 64g.l.). Conclusions data collected here show that seniority cannot be necessarily associated to cognitive losses; ageing is not only an organic, biological process, but also a familiar, economic and cultural one.

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