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Erratum: Use of an Amnioport to Maintain Amniotic Fluid Volume in Fetuses with Oligohydramnios Secondary to Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction or Fetal Renal Anomalies

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posted on 25.07.2017, 14:05 authored by Polzin W.J., Lim F.Y., Habli M., Van Hook J., Minges M., Jaekle R., Crombleholme T.M.
Objective: We describe a technique to maintain amniotic fluid in fetuses with severe oligo-/anhydramnios secondary to lower urinary tract obstruction or fetal renal disease when urine production is inadequate to maintain a normal amniotic fluid volume (AFV). Methods: An amnioport was inserted into the amniotic space. The catheter was secured to prevent dislodgment and tunneled to a subcutaneous reservoir. The reservoir was accessed as necessary, infusing normal saline to maintain AFV. Pregnancy continued until term or indicated delivery. Results: Since 2010, 15 patients in this category were considered for an amnioport. Six chose comfort care and one elected percutaneous amnioinfusions. Nine amnioport procedures were performed in eight patients. There were no fetal deaths. All eight had successful restoration and maintenance of amniotic fluid. Delivery ranged from 9 to 96 days after placement (mean 63.7 days). One died due to unrecognized laryngeal web and another one died of pulmonary hypoplasia after preterm premature rupture of membranes. None of the remaining six had pulmonary hypoplasia. Three remain alive. Discussion: Severe oligo-/anhydramnios in the second trimester secondary to fetal anomalies is almost uniformly lethal due to pulmonary hypoplasia without restoration of amniotic fluid. The amnioport procedure may allow pulmonary survival but commits families to postnatal care decisions regarding pulmonary and renal complications.