Data_Sheet_1_Total Matrix Ca2+ Modulates Ca2+ Efflux via the Ca2+/H+ Exchanger in Cardiac Mitochondria.pdf
Datasets usually provide raw data for analysis. This raw data often comes in spreadsheet form, but can be any collection of data, on which analysis can be performed.
Mitochondrial Ca2+ handling is accomplished by balancing Ca2+ uptake, primarily via the Ru360-sensitive mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU), Ca2+ buffering in the matrix and Ca2+ efflux mainly via Ca2+ ion exchangers, such as the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCLX) and the Ca2+/H+ exchanger (CHE). The mechanism of CHE in cardiac mitochondria is not well-understood and its contribution to matrix Ca2+ regulation is thought to be negligible, despite higher expression of the putative CHE protein, LETM1, compared to hepatic mitochondria. In this study, Ca2+ efflux via the CHE was investigated in isolated rat cardiac mitochondria and permeabilized H9c2 cells. Mitochondria were exposed to (a) increasing matrix Ca2+ load via repetitive application of a finite CaCl2 bolus to the external medium and (b) change in the pH gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM). Ca2+ efflux at different matrix Ca2+ loads was revealed by inhibiting Ca2+ uptake or reuptake with Ru360 after increasing number of CaCl2 boluses. In Na+-free experimental buffer and with Ca2+ uptake inhibited, the rate of Ca2+ efflux and steady-state free matrix Ca2+ [mCa2+]ss increased as the number of administered CaCl2 boluses increased. ADP and cyclosporine A (CsA), which are known to increase Ca2+ buffering while maintaining a constant [mCa2+]ss, decreased the rate of Ca2+ efflux via the CHE, with a significantly greater decrease in the presence of ADP. ADP also increased Ca2+ buffering rate and decreased [mCa2+]ss. A change in the pH of the external medium to a more acidic value from 7.15 to 6.8∼6.9 caused a twofold increase in the Ca2+ efflux rate, while an alkaline change in pH from 7.15 to 7.4∼7.5 did not change the Ca2+ efflux rate. In addition, CHE activation was associated with membrane depolarization. Targeted transient knockdown of LETM1 in permeabilized H9c2 cells modulated Ca2+ efflux. The results indicate that Ca2+ efflux via the CHE in cardiac mitochondria is modulated by acidic buffer pH and by total matrix Ca2+. A mechanism is proposed whereby activation of CHE is sensitive to changes in both the matrix Ca2+ buffering system and the matrix free Ca2+ concentration.
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