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DataSheet1_Identification of stromal cell proportion-related genes in the breast cancer tumor microenvironment using CorDelSFS feature selection: implications for tumor progression and prognosis.DOCX
Background: The tumor microenvironment (TME) of breast cancer (BRCA) is a complex and dynamic micro-ecosystem that influences BRCA occurrence, progression, and prognosis through its cellular and molecular components. However, as the tumor progresses, the dynamic changes of stromal and immune cells in TME become unclear.
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify differentially co-expressed genes (DCGs) associated with the proportion of stromal cells in TME of BRCA, to explore the patterns of cell proportion changes, and ultimately, their impact on prognosis.
Methods: A new heuristic feature selection strategy (CorDelSFS) was combined with differential co-expression analysis to identify TME-key DCGs. The expression pattern and co-expression network of TME-key DCGs were analyzed across different TMEs. A prognostic model was constructed using six TME-key DCGs, and the correlation between the risk score and the proportion of stromal cells and immune cells in TME was evaluated.
Results: TME-key DCGs mimicked the dynamic trend of BRCA TME and formed cell type-specific subnetworks. The IG gene-related subnetwork, plasmablast-specific expression, played a vital role in the BRCA TME through its adaptive immune function and tumor progression inhibition. The prognostic model showed that the risk score was significantly correlated with the proportion of stromal cells and immune cells in TME, and low-risk patients had stronger adaptive immune function. IGKV1D-39 was identified as a novel BRCA prognostic marker specifically expressed in plasmablasts and involved in adaptive immune responses.
Conclusions: This study explores the role of proportionate-related genes in the tumor microenvironment using a machine learning approach and provides new insights for discovering the key biological processes in tumor progression and clinical prognosis.
- Gene and Molecular Therapy
- Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
- Genetically Modified Animals
- Livestock Cloning
- Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination)
- Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
- Genome Structure and Regulation
- Genetic Engineering