Clinical significance and biological function of transcriptional repressor GATA binding 1 in gastric cancer: a study based on data mining, RT-qPCR, immunochemistry, and vitro experiment
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Transcriptional repressor GATA binding 1 (TRPS1) is a newly discovered transcription factor, which has been reported in many tumors, except for gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we aimed to grope for clinical significance and biological function of TRPS1 in GC. TRPS1 expression in GC and its relationship with clinicopathological features were analyzed based on public databases, and verified by immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox regression model were used to estimate the influence of TRPS1 on the univariate prognosis and multivariate survival risk factors of GC. The effects of TRPS1 on malignant biological behaviors of GC cells were studied by CCK8 cell proliferation, scratch test, and Transwell assay. The function of TRPS1 was further analyzed by signaling pathway analysis. TRPS1 mRNA expression in GC tissues was up-regulated and was of great significance in some prognostic factors. Protein expression of TRPS1 in tumor tissues was significantly higher than that in paracancerous tissues. Over-expression of TRPS1 was a poor prognostic indicator for GC patients. TRPS1 knockdown could inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells. The important role of TRPS1 was in the extracellular matrix, and it was involved in actin binding and proteoglycan in cancer. The hub genes of TRPS1 (FN1, ITGB1) were defined. TRPS1 may be a tumor promoter and promote the development of GC by influencing the malignant biological behaviors of GC. TRPS1 is expected to be a key diagnostic and prognostic indicator for GC patients.