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Chemical Proteomics of the Tumor Suppressor Fhit Covalently Bound to the Cofactor Ap3A Elucidates Its Inhibitory Action on Translation

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posted on 2022-05-06, 18:10 authored by Doreen Herzog, Jasmin Jansen, Maite Mißun, Kay Diederichs, Florian Stengel, Andreas Marx
The tumor suppressor protein fragile histidine triad (Fhit) is known to be associated with genomic instability and apoptosis. The tumor-suppressive function of Fhit depends on the interaction with the alarmone diadenosine triphosphate (Ap3A), a noncanonical nucleotide whose concentration increases upon cellular stress. How the Fhit–Ap3A complex exerts its signaling function is unknown. Here, guided by a chemical proteomics approach employing a synthetic stable Fhit–Ap3A complex, we found that the Fhit–Ap3A complex, but not Fhit or Ap3A alone, impedes translation. Our findings provide a mechanistic model in which Fhit translocates from the nucleolus into the cytosol upon stress to form an Fhit–Ap3A complex. The Fhit–Ap3A complex impedes translation both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in reduced cell viability. Overall, our findings provide a mechanistic model by which the tumor suppressor Fhit collaborates with the alarmone Ap3A to regulate cellular proliferation.