(a) Spectrum of Bogoliubov excitations (red dots) calculated for <em>J<sub>z</sub></em> = 0.2 δ and <em>J</em> = Δ<sup>(2)</sup>, and compared with the prediction of Kitaev's model with <em>J</em> = Δ = Δ<sup>(2)</sup> (black dots)

2013-06-24T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Sylvain Nascimbène
<p><strong>Figure 3.</strong> (a) Spectrum of Bogoliubov excitations (red dots) calculated for <em>J<sub>z</sub></em> = 0.2 δ and <em>J</em> = Δ<sup>(2)</sup>, and compared with the prediction of Kitaev's model with <em>J</em> = Δ = Δ<sup>(2)</sup> (black dots). (b) Density distribution along <em>x</em> of a zero-energy Majorana state, in planes <em>A</em> (red line) and <em>B</em> (blue line), revealing the non-local character of Majorana states. In the perturbative regime <em>J</em> δ, the population in <em>B</em> remains small.</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>We propose an experimental implementation of a topological superfluid with ultracold fermionic atoms. An optical superlattice is used to juxtapose a 1D gas of fermionic atoms and a 2D conventional superfluid of condensed Feshbach molecules. The latter acts as a Cooper pair reservoir and effectively induces a superfluid gap in the 1D system. Combined with a spin-dependent optical lattice along the 1D tube and laser-induced atom tunnelling, we obtain a topological superfluid phase. In the regime of weak couplings to the molecular field and for a uniform gas, the atomic system is equivalent to Kitaev's model of a p-wave superfluid. Using a numerical calculation, we show that the topological superfluidity is robust beyond the perturbative limit and in the presence of a harmonic trap. Finally, we describe how to investigate some physical properties of the Majorana fermions located at the topological superfluid boundaries. In particular, we discuss how to prepare and detect a given Majorana edge state.</p>