V. cholerae stimulates ROS production and NET formation in human neutrophils.

A–B. ROS production by human neutrophils incubated with the indicated V. cholerae strains and MOI was measured by a luminometric assay. The y-axis shows the area under the curve representing the ROS production over 6 h. Shown are medians of at least six measurements out of three independent donors. The error bars represent the interquartile range. The ROS dynamics are available as supporting figure S2B and C. C–H. DNA release of neutrophils incubated with PMA or the respective V. cholerae strain and MOI. Untreated neutrophils served as an unstimulated control. Staining of DNA by the cell impermeant fluorescent DNA dye Sytox green was measured in 10 min intervals. Values are presented as percentage of DNA fluorescence compared with the Triton ×100 lysis control (100%) indicating NET formation, respectively. DNAse I was added after 6 h for the indicated data sets (+DNAse I). Shown are medians of at least six measurements out of three (C–F) or two (G and H) independent donors.