SFN inhibits HDAC activity and regulates genes which encode epigenetic enzymes.

<p>moDCs at day 7 in cell culture were used for this experiment. Relative HDAC activity assay was measured using the Color-de-Lys HDAC colorimetric activity assay kit. To confirm the global HDAC deacetylation of moDCs, cells were stimulated with different concentration of SFN (Control, 5 μM, 10 μM, 15 μM, and 20 μM) for 24 h (A). Equal amounts of isolated nuclear protein were subjected to HDAC activity analysis. The effects of SFN (10 μM) on gene expression of epigenetic encoding enzymes in porcine moDCs stimulated with LPS were examined. The HDAC6 (B), HDAC10 (C), DNMT3a (D) and DNMT1 (E) mRNA expression was quantified using qRT-PCR. The moDCs were pre-treated for 24 h with or without SFN before stimulating with LPS (1 μg/ml) for additional 24 h. The results (A, B, C, D, and E) were represented as the mean ± standard deviation (SD) of three independent experiments and each experiment was performed in duplicate (*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001).</p>