Logit estimates of the GLMMs<sup>1</sup> that best explained the breeding success of each species.

<p><sup>1</sup>GLMM: generalized linear mixed model,</p><p><sup>2</sup>Significance levels:</p><p>*** <0.001,</p><p>* <0.05, n.s. ≥0.05</p><p>GLMMs included log-ratio habitat proportions within the radius of 100 m, 500 m, 1000 m or 2000 m, and the model with the lowest AIC was selected. Low stocking forest was removed from the best goshawk model due to high collinearity. Variance of the random variable (territory identity) describes variation among territories.</p>