Direct method yields very similar results as fits.

A) Layout is similar to Fig 5B. Each bar from there was split into two, depending on if a considered feature pair was judged significantly different (blue) or not (green) when evaluated with the direct method. The panel illustrates a strong tendency to find a significant effect with either both the direct method and all nine models, or with neither the direct method and none of the models. B) z-scored quantitative differences between direct and fitted method’s feature values is less than one standard deviation for almost all features independent of the model indicating a considerable quantitative agreement between the methods. Solid lines in violines mark 2.5%, 50% and 97.5% quantiles. Color code and model abbreviations are as in Figs 3 and 5.