<i>Culicoides</i> species first reported in mainland Portugal and Azores archipelago and their presence in other European and Mediterranean countries.

<p>Syn. – Synonymy;</p>1<p>Since the first specimen identified until the beginning of November 2010;</p>2<p>Since the first specimen until July 2011;</p>3<p>According to <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034896#pone.0034896-Mathieu1" target="_blank">[14]</a>, <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034896#pone.0034896-Pags1" target="_blank">[24]</a>, <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0034896#pone.0034896-Fauna1" target="_blank">[25]</a>;</p>*<p>From a total of 29844 midges belonging to the Obsoletus Group, where females of <i>C. obsoletus s.s.</i>, <i>C. scoticus</i>, <i>C. chiopterus</i> and <i>C. dewulfi</i> are included. SEC/MC – South European and Mediterranean Countries (Portuguese mainland; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Greek mainland; Croatia; Bulgaria; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Cyprus; North Aegean Islands; Dodecanese Islands; Turkey); CEC – Central European Countries (Netherlands; Belgium; Germany; Switzerland; Austria; Romania; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Ukraine; Poland; Romania; Hungary; Central Russia); NEC – North European Countries [Belarus; Estonia; United Kingdom; Ireland (incl. North Ireland); Sweden; Denmark; Norwegian mainland; Lithuania; Latvia; Northwest Russia].</p>