Complete social transmission from males occurred through different pathways in males and in females.

Average (±SE) number of seeds picked up (a) and consumed after husking (b) by isolated male or female birds following the various interactions with a male demonstrator, when birds had previously interacted freely with the demonstrator (FI), after visual interactions (SD) and after access to seeds in the mere presence of a bird (MP). Free interactions were necessary for females, while visual interactions were sufficient for males. Aggressive behavior prevented social transmission between males during free interactions.